Jharkhand is a state which has a wide range of cultural, historical and artistic heritage. For a long it has been known for its mineral wealth. The need for giving the culture heritage of Jharkhand its due place and importance has of late been felt. Consequently, serious efforts have been made after the formation of this state in the year 2000. The establishment of State Museum in 2009 at Hotwar, Ranchi is an important step in this direction.

Way back in 1974, Ranchi Museum was established in the premises of the Tribal Research Institute at Morabadi. The scarcity of space and other infrastructure facilities was a trammeling constraint. The display of exhibits and expression of galleries in ideal condition were the causalities. The need of expression of the museum and improvement in its display facilities led to the formation of the State Museum at the new building at Hotwar. This was founded with the objective of preserving and displaying the archaeological, historical and cultural heritage of Jharkhand. Eventually on the 10th September 2009, State Museum at Hotwar was inaugurated by His Excellency Vice President of India Mohammad Hamid Ansari.

The State Museum at present has several galleries which display different aspects of cultural heritage, especially those related to the state of Jharkhand. We have galleries separately classified in order to display the anthropological features, especially those related to the tribal way of life. The sculptural section has art objects representing different sculptural styles and iconographic manifestations. Potteries and other artifacts reteieved from archaeological excavation and so on.